Laser Dentistry 101: Everything You Need to Know
We use several dental technologies and among them is laser dentistry which helps in treating a variety of dental procedures. Are you curious about laser dentistry? Here is what you need to know.
What is Laser Dentistry?
Laser (or Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) technology involves the use of light energy in a focused beam to remove or reshape the gum tissues. In dentistry, they work as cutting instruments, vaporizers, or as a heat source to enhance the effect of the treatment.
The technology is approved by the Food Drug Administration as a treatment of several conditions. It is worth noting that the American Dental Association is yet to do so.
Laser dentistry is a minimally invasive dental treatment for gum surgery or cavity treatment.
What are the Types of Laser Dentistry?
There are only two types of lasers used; hard and soft tissue lasers. Each laser uses a different intensity and wavelength in cutting a specific tissue.
Hard tissue laser is used on tooth structure. The wavelength uses a combination of water and mineral in the teeth to be absorbed. The lasers are commonly used to shape or prep the teeth for a dental procedure such as composite bonding and tooth filing.
It is also used to treat tooth sensitivity by sealing the tubules on the teeth.
Soft tissue lasers are absorbed through hemoglobin and water. The laser is used to activate tissue regrowth, treat gum disease, and kill bacteria. Plus, they are used to seal the nerve ending and blood vessels to reduce pain after the treatment and promote faster tissue healing.
When is Laser Dentistry Needed?
Our dentist can use lasers to treat several dental conditions such as:
- Dental decay. When you have mild to moderate decay, the dentist can use lasers to remove the decay within the tooth. Usually, we use technology for root canal treatment in Houston because it helps to remove the infected pulp. Plus, it can stop the spread of infection and prepare the enamel for a dental filling.
- Gum disease. Tartar causes gum inflammation which, if left unattended can cause the gum to recede and form deep pockets. Lasers help to remove bacteria and gum recontouring.
- Teeth whitening. During our professional in-office teeth whitening the dentist will use lasers to speed up the whitening process.
- Biopsy. After an oral cancer screening, the dentist may recommend a biopsy. It is the removal of tissue to be examined for oral cancer. The technology can also be used to remove lesions.
What Are the Risks Involved?
Laser dentistry is safe and has minimal risks. However, sometimes, the light may damage the tissues. It is, therefore, crucial to find a qualified dental specialist to minimize the risks.
What are the Pros and Cons?
Lasers offer great benefits such as:
- Minimizes bleaching during soft tissue treatments and swelling too.
- It may preserve the teeth during a tooth decay removal
- Lasers sometimes cause less pain, thereby reducing the need for anesthesia
- It is ideal for patients who have a phobia for traditional drills
- The technology is not suitable for teeth with an existing dental fillings
- Lasers cannot be used in some dental procedures such as dental bridges
- You may still need traditional drills to reshape or polish the teeth and adjust the bite.
- The technology does not eliminate the need for anesthesia
- Laser treatment is expensive
- There is a risk of gum or pulp injury
What Happens During and After the Laser Procedure?
The laser reduces bleeding, therefore there will be less blood oozing from the gum. Also, you will not have any open wounds, but you may experience mild irritation and soreness.
It is important to follow the cleaning instructions given by the dentist to minimize the risk of infection.
Schedule an Appointment
Visit the Dentists at 650 Heights for more information on laser dentistry, how it is performed and the risks involved.